Agriculture is a vital part of the economy in any country. It provides food, raw materials for product manufacturing and more. It is also the source of employment for a significant section of the population.
Intensive subsistence farming involves small plots of land and traditional agricultural methods. It focuses on meeting family needs and is not intended for profit.
Intensive wet paddy farming
Intensive wet paddy farming is a type of subsistence agriculture that is practiced in the monsoon areas of Asia. It involves the cultivation of multiple crops in a small farm to get maximum output. Farmers use primitive tools in this type of farming. These include wooden ploughs, harrows and hedges. In this type of farming, the farm size varies from 0.25 to 10 acres.
Depending on the relief, climate and soil conditions, intensive subsistence farming can be dominated by rice, wheat, oil seeds, pulses and maize. The farmers usually mix up the crop types to reduce the risk of crop failure. Intensive wet paddy farming also uses bio-fertilizers made from kitchen waste, rotten vegetables, cow dung and human excreta. These bio-fertilizers are a good alternative to chemical fertilizers that put pressure on the soil and environment.
This type of farming is more efficient than extensive agriculture. However, it is not as profitable as commercial farming. The production is mostly done to satisfy the family needs of the farmers. Hence, the farmer cannot take any advantage of the modern machinery that is used in commercial farming to increase the yield. This type of farming is also responsible for the environmental problems such as contaminated water bodies, overcrowding of livestock and overexploitation of resources. It also increases the risk of disease among the animals and humans.
Intensive dry paddy farming
This type of farming focuses on the cultivation of food crops. Its goal is to produce enough food for the farmer’s family. It also allows farmers to make use of marginal lands such as swamps and dry lands. The crop is usually replaced as soon as it is harvested, which maximizes the yield. Farmers will also use different types of manures and fertilizers to increase the amount of nutrients available for the plants.
This form of farming is a good choice for people who want to produce organic vegetables, fruits and meats. It is a very sustainable way to grow food and also benefits the environment by decreasing the amount of waste and pollution that is produced. It is a very effective way to produce healthy, high-quality food.
The tools used in this method of farming are incredibly primitive, and only manual labor is provided to tend to the fields. The farms are also small, typically a hectare or less in size. This makes the farming process very time-consuming, and limits its growth. It is also highly dependent on rain, as most farmers involved in this technique are poor and cannot afford irrigation.
Unlike large-scale agriculture in first-world countries, which focuses on monocultures, intensive subsistence farms are typically mixed with other crops. This helps to maintain soil fertility at a higher level and reduces the chance of total crop failure.
Intensive fish farming
Intensive fish farming is a form of agricultural production that produces a high amount of produce per unit of land. It is typically practiced in regions with high population density, where land availability is limited and food self-sufficiency is crucial. Farmers allocate a small plot of land to their crops and aim for maximum productivity per land. They may also rely on external inputs such as chemical fertilizers and irrigation to achieve higher yields.
The primary feature of intensive subsistence farming is that farmers cultivate a small plot of land, usually no more than 10 acres. They grow food for themselves and their families, as well as a small amount to sell. They use rudimentary tools and work very hard.
Another characteristic of intensive subsistence farming is the lack of modern agricultural machinery and fertilizers. These farmers are poor and cannot afford these tools. They also rely on animal power to work the fields.
Intensive subsistence farming focuses on multiple crop types, including annual and perennial varieties. This allows farmers to use less fertilizer and prevents soil nutrient depletion. Farmers also implement crop rotation, which helps prevent pests and diseases.
Unlike large-scale farming practices, which use chemical fertilizers, intensive subsistence farms utilize natural manure to add nutrients to the field. This type of fertilizer can be made from kitchen waste, animal dung, plant residues, and human excreta. These types of fertilizers do not harm the environment and are more sustainable than commercial chemicals.
Intensive vegetable farming
Intensive vegetable farming is a sustainable growing technique that maximizes the use of land, equipment, labor, and marketing resources. This method of farming produces high yields of flavorful vegetables in a small area. It also conserves soil nutrients, reducing the need for chemical fertilizers. However, the success of intensive vegetable farming depends on a strong marketing plan. Growers with good marketing skills and excellent production practices are likely to realize greater profits than those who have poor marketing skills but superior production practices.
Vegetable crop residues are a critical component of N cycling, but the particular position of vegetable crops within the crop rotation makes them vulnerable to N losses during winter in temperate maritime climates. A number of different crop residue management options have been evaluated to reduce N losses in intensive vegetable production systems, including on-field tillage and harvest options and modifications to the crop rotation.
It is important to select the right cultivar for each crop in intensive vegetable production. This ensures that the right amount of plant material is available for transplanting. In addition, bed shaping increases soil firmness, which aids in the success of transplanting and minimizes the need for tillage. Bed shaping can also help to improve the uniformity of the planting surface, which will lead to a more even transplanting.